National  Hydrogen  Institute  of  Australia

                       Funded by S.V.Zorbas since 2004 -ABN 27 075 413 759  (non-profit-est.2004)

"A parallel of significance has been reached between, the importance of Hydrogen in its nuclear sense as in our stars, with hydrogen in its humble chemical sense here on Earth."-1995

 

Welcome to the N.H.I.A. by Director Stephen V Zorbas : The Institute was formed in year 2004, as a  flow on  from Solar Hydrogen Research Pty Ltd(1996),to deal with all things relating to progressing hydrogen as a solar fuel in Australia's future. Hydrogen can be used as a universal fuel as like for most modes of transport, or in storing chemical energy via hydrogen and then using it at night through a fuel cell to make electricity for our stationary power needs. Solar or indeed any renewable energy producing hydrogen , makes a renewable resource which will never run out, hence its significance. Australia is rich in energy sources in our land, however we are rich in solar and renewable energies as well. I was the first to put forward Australia's future potential in hydrogen as a potential mass hydrogen producer and supplier in the world. Much has happened in Australia since ~2003, as hydrogen was adopted by the C. S. I. R. O. as our future energy carrier at around that time. Other hydrogen based organisations in Australia have recently started as well, whilst the bulk of the pioneering work needed has already been done. UK's Plan by year 2030    Community micro-power-grids. As a leader in de-centralized power in Australia since early in 2002/3, micro-power-grids for community/home level generation will by yr 2020 start to become the norm, and surplus solar energy will go towards hydrogen as a solar fuel for fuel cell electric cars.

With solar PV panels predicted to cost $36/watt with much higher efficient PV panels by year 2017,   distributed generation will become a reality along with self water generation. Community/home micro-power-grids are thus "smart switched" for maximum efficiency, and where surplus electricity is stored chemically via a simple solar fuel (hydrogen ). Hydrogen can be used to strategically to make electricity via a fuel cell during average daily peak times (4pm-7pm), to offset time of use costing. Hydrogen produced at community/home levels for fuel cell cars becomes feasible to the masses.

Hydrogen produced by reforming natural gas does produce carbon emissions, but studies have shown that once the hydrogen goes into a fuel cell the emissions compared to a petrol combustion engine are much lower. The reason is that hydrogen in a fuel cell is 2-3 times more efficient than petrol in a combustion engine car. Over time renewable hydrogen production will begin to take over and much progress has been done towards that end already in Australia. I ask for patience here and please do not destroy our chances due to ignorance.A recent automotive report from Frost and Sullivan puts ~1,500 hydrogen stations in South Korea and Japan alone by year 2020.Twenty Hydrogen Myths by Physicist A.Lovins

Hydrogen production is of significant interest in Australia's future, along with better storage methods and transportation ideas. Australia's research organisation The C.S.I.R.O. have done significant research into hydrogen and related topics. The mature global hydrogen production system reforms natural gas, but the future is to make hydrogen from renewable energies. The initial supplies of hydrogen though for the planned  global  commercial release of the hydrogen fuel cell electric cars, will invariably come from reforming natural gas. Australia has large reserves of natural gas, and we have numerous gas outlets for such hydrogen production.

Increasing interest for hydrogen was due to significant technological progress made with the hydrogen fuel cell(1990's ongoing), which produces quality electricity quickly. Efficiency of nearly 60% can be reached, and this compared to the combustion engine with petrol(15-19%) meant that all major auto makers in the world had interest and in fact have now spent US$B's in fuel cell car development. So much so that Hyundai will commercially release 1,000 hydrogen fuel cell electric cars this year(588kls on a tank), ahead of the planned global release in year 2015.        Educational Products      Hydrogen Education Foundation

"Using round numbers from Toyota, 88% of oil at the wellhead ends up as gasoline in your tank, and then 16% of that gasoline energy reaches the wheels of your typical modern car, so the well-to-wheels efficiency is 14%. A gasoline-fuelled hybrid-electric car like the 2002 Toyota Prius nearly doubles the gasoline-to-wheels efficiency from 16% to 30% and the overall well-to-wheels efficiency from 14% to 26%. But locally reforming natural gas can deliver 70% of the gasís wellhead energy into the carís compressed-hydrogen tank. That ďmeagerĒ conversion efficiency is then more than offset by an advanced fuel-cell drive systemís superior 60% efficiency in converting that hydrogen energy into traction, for an overall well-to wheels efficiency of 42%. Thatís three times higher than the normal gasoline-engine carís, or 1.5 times higher than the gasoline-hybrid-electric carís.47 This helps explain why most automakers see todayís gasoline-hybrid cars as a stepping-stone to their ultimate goal ó direct-hydrogen fuel-cell cars."-from Par.2 Page 11 Twenty Hydrogen Myths by Physicist A.Lovins

The N.H.I.A. continues today in generating awareness for hydrogen in Australia by linking with  FUEL   CELL   INSTITUTE   OF   AUSTRALIA ,schools, TAFE colleges, universities and governments. The N.H.I.A. also supports hydrogen production, storage and transport  R&D, and initial hydrogen supply outlet strategies for the equivalent initial fleets of hydrogen fuel cell electric cars soon to be available in Australia.

"Towards Zero Carbon Transport" is a yr 2012 program put forward by  FUEL   CELL   INSTITUTE   OF   AUSTRALIA .The N.H.I.A.  fully supports the program and its design to lead our students and relevant organisations, towards the years 2014/2015 commercial release of fuel cell electric cars by all major car makers. I hope that there is a "push" of support from our carbon trading system.

 5th World Hydrogen Technologies Convention ( WHTC ) Shanghai China September 25th to 28th 2013.


"A technology led approach towards future sustainability should be complemented by the "push" of carbon trading systems"-Stephen Zorbas 2005 .

                Sustainable   Schools  Australia                                                       The quest to make hydrogen the fuel of the future     

Sustainable Future Fuels in Australia    Solar Hydrogen Research P/L     Fuel   CELL   INSTITUTE   OF   AUSTRALIA


E-mail : nhia@hydrogen.asn.au

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World Hydrogen Organisations:
  Canada The Canadian Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Association Website: http://www.chfca.ca European Union European Hydrogen Association Website: http://www.h2euro.org     Germany German Hydrogen and Fuel Cell association (DWV) Website: http://www.dwv-info.de/e/index.html Hungary  Hydrogen Association of India Website: http://www.hai.org.in/  India Indian Association for Hydrogen Energy and Advanced Materials  Website: http://www.iaheam.org/ Italy Italian Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Association (H2IT) Website: http://www.h2it.org/ Japan Hydrogen Energy Systems Society of Japan     Website: http://www.hess.jp/ Netherlands Dutch Hydrogen Association  Website: http://www.waterstofvereniging.nl/ Norway Norwegian Hydrogen Association Website: http://www.hydrogen.no/ South Korea Korean National RD&D Organization for Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Website: http://www.h2fc.or.kr/eng/index.php Switzerland Swiss Hydrogen Association Website: http://www.hydropole.ch/Hydropole/home/index.htm United Kingdom Clean Energy Educational Website: http://www.hydrogenassociation.org/ American Hydrogen Association (AHA)
Website:
http://www.clean-air.org/ Fuel Cell & Hydrogen Energy Association (FCHEA)Website: http://www.fchea.org/ http://www.hydrogen.org.au  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydrogen  http://www.chemicool.com/elements/hydrogen.html  http://www.hydrogen-music.org/hcms/  http://www.afdc.energy.gov/fuels/hydrogen.html http://suresearch.com.au/leak-locating/hydrogen-testing